What is chemical peeling?
With time, due to skin aging, sun damage, environmental pollutants and stress, normal skin cell regeneration decreases. Younger cells are born harder and get into the superficial layers slower, and the aging cells accumulate and remain at the surface for a longer period. As the outer strata thicken and the new cell areas diminish, the skin gets dull and less healthy. Daily exposure to sunlight increases the amount of pigment in each skin cell. Collagen and elastin begin to destroy. And each of us starts to notice those unpleasant signs of time, including wrinkles and fine lines, freckles and age spots, unequal skin tone, dryness and less elasticity.
Chemical peeling is a complex treatment consisting of a controlled skin exfoliation with the removal of the superficial layers, reduction of fine wrinkles, scarring and age spots and skin regrowth from deep layers. This transforms our skin, making it lighter, cleaner and with an improved texture.
For skin exfoliation and rejuvenation, a variety of chemical treatments can be used: glycolic acid, fruit acids, trichloroacetic acid, Jessner’s solution, phenols, etc. Each of these has different concentrations and various depths of exfoliation. The results depend on the concentration of the substance used, the application time, the treated area and the correct assessment of the depth of the condition to be treated. Chemical peels can be superficial – the procedure targets the epidermis only, intermediate – the treatment removes the epidermis and the superficial dermal layer, or deep – down to the deep dermal layer. Each of these uses certain substances and has different indications, techniques and results. Deep peeling is an aggressive procedure that is performed in the operating room under general anesthesia.